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Narak Chaturdashi

 Narak Chaturdashi

Narak Chaturdashi literally is the convergence of ‘narak’ meaning evil and ‘Chaturdashi’ meaning the fourteenth. Thus, this day is celebrated on the 14th day of the Ashvin month of the Hindu Calendar. It depicts the power of Goddess Kali to eliminate all evil in the society. It is also known as Roop Chaudas or Narak Nivaran Chaturdashi. This festival holds special importance in Western and Southern India including Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, etc.


Story Behind Narak Chaturdashi


As per the Hindu Scriptures, the great demon called Narakasur was killed by Satyabhama, Kali and Krishna. Thus, the name Narak Chaturdashi. In Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and parts of Karnataka, Deepavali is traditionally celebrated on Naraka Chaturdasi day while the rest of India celebrates it on the new moon night, which is the next day.


When Kaundinya came to know of the Vow, he did not believe in its sacredness, rather believed in his wisdom. As a result they lost everything they had. Kaundinya then understood his mistake and went in search of Ananta. He later found it in a cave as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu himself.


Why is Narak Chaturdashi celebrated


The second day of Diwali is known as Narak Chaturdashi in Gujarat, Rajasthan & few part of Maharashtra. Worshipping Goddess Kali on this day is believed to remove all negativity and evil eyes causing damage to the devotee and his Family.




It is a Hindu festival, which falls on Chaturdashi (14th day) of the Krushna Paksha of the Ashvin month. The Shubh tithi begins at 6:20 pm on 28th October, 2016 and ends at 8:40 pm the next day. The muhurat for the Abhyang Snan begins at 5:05 am in the morning to 6:35 am on 29th October, 2016.




It is believed that people who do Abhyang Snan on this day, can avoid going to Narak. Abhyang Snan is always done during moonrise but before sunrise while Chaturdashi Tithi is prevailing.


Products to perform the puja


The rituals behind Narak Chaturdashi strongly suggest Diwali as a harvest festival. The rituals should include:


  • Devotees wake up early in the morning for Abhyang Snan which is believed to save the devotees from going to Narak after death.
  • After bath, an uptan of til oil is applied on the body.
  • The puja is performed with oil, flowers, and sandalwood.
  • Coconuts along with prasad of sesame seed, jaggery and rice flakes (poha) with ghee and sugar are offered to Lord Hanuman.
  • Delicacies are prepared from freshly harvested rice.
  • Head wash and application of kajal is considered auspicious and believed to ward off all evil eyes.
  • In Goa, paper-made effigies of Narakasura, filled with grass and firecrackers symbolising evil, are made and burnt as a symbol of victory of good over evil.
  • Fireworks are set off in the evening.
  • Lord Hanuman and Goddess Kali are worshipped.