The word Mauni has been literally derived from the word ‘Maun’, which means ‘silence’. The mauni amavasya is one of the most important dates of the Hindu Calendar as it is believed that during the Kumbh Mela, Mauni Amavasya is the most important bathing day at Prayag in Allahabad and known as the day of Amrit Yoga and the day of Kumbh Parva. As per our Vedas, Mauni Amavasya is the day of uniting with inner self through Silence and water which makes about seventy(70) percent of our human bodies.
Story Behind Mauni Amavas
It is believed, that on this auspicious day, the water of river Ganga turns into the holy nectar called ‘amrit’, capable of weaning out all sins of its believers. During the ancient times of Gods and Demons, it is believed that churning of oceans occurred to gain a jar of the holy ’amrit’. Some drops of the Amrit fell down in the river due to which it became extremely valuable.
Thus, all Gods transcend into the holy waters at the Prayag of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati in Allahabad. This is the reason that Mauni Amavasya is considered as sacred.
Why is it Celebrated
Rumi has well said that “Silence is the language of God, all else is poor translation”. The mauni Amavasya pertains to being silent or ‘maun’ and then unifying with the inner self where the God himself resides. Thus, on this important day, people tend to take up the Maun Vrat, that prohibits a devotee from uttering even a single word for a complete day.
According to the Hindu calendar, Mauni Amavasya falls in the middle of Magha month and also known as Maghi Amavasya. As the Gods are believed to have transcended into its holy waters, many people take pledge to take holy dip in the Ganges not only on Mauni Amavasya day but also during whole Magha Mahina.
The Hindu calendar uses 30 lunar phases termed as ‘tithi’. The New Moon tithi (called Pratipada or Pratima) is the 12 angular degrees after conjunction, technically called the amavasya. The Maun Amavasya is on the 15th day of waning half of Hindu month of the Magha month. Magha month along with the Kartik month is sacred and holds religious importance in the Vedic scriptures. Mauni Amavasya falls in the middle of Magha month and thus, is also known as the Maghi Amavasya. In 2016, maun or maghi amavasya is from the 22:20 pm on 7th February to 20:08 on the 8th February.
A holy dip in the prayag at Allahabad or the River Ganga is considered very auspicious on Maun Amavasya. It is believed to wash away all the sins of the believers on this day. Apart from the holy dip, the Mauni- amavasya is the day of not speaking to the world, rather speaking to on’s soul inside and the God within. Mauni Amavasya Vrat is a unique fast in which a person becomes tongue-tied and is not allowed to utter even a single word.
Products to perform the puja
Though the maun vrat and the holy dip are the main aspects of mauni amavasya, donating is also an inseparable part of this day. Thus, on the Mauni Amavasya: