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Magha Purnima

Magha Purnima

Magha is the eleventh month of the Hindu Calendar. It is considered as one of the four most auspicious months. Full Moon Day of the Hindu Lunar month of Magha is the Magha Purnima. Magha Purnima is the last and most important day of month of Magha. It is an important day for the Buddhists as well as the Lord Buddha himself had announced his impending death on this very day.


The ‘float festival’ in Madurai also occurs on this very day as the idols of Lord Sundeshwara and Goddess Meenakshi are taken to the auspicious Mariamman Teppakulam Sarovar for prayers.




Story Behind Celebrating Magha Purnima


The month of Magh is considered to be sacred because at the commencement of this month the sun sets on its northern path. Magh Purnima is also the conclusion of Magha month. According to Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Lord Vishnu resides in the water on Ganges on this very day. Thus, it is believed that even touching the holy water of Ganges on this day provides salvation.


Lord Vishnu is most impressed when a person takes a bath in any of the holy rivers on this day. If a devotee may not be able to reach Ganges, bathing in few drops of Ganga water mixed in normal water is considered to be equally auspicious. Even fasts, donations or charities shall impress him as much on this auspicious day.


Why is it Celebrated


It is considered very auspicious to take a dip in the Holy Ganges if possible, at the Prayag in Allahabad or in any other auspicious water body as these waters are supposed to host the Lord Vishnu himself on this auspicious day. Magh Purnima is regarded as auspicious because the Sun is in the Capricorn sign and the Moon is in the Cancer Sign. Thus, taking a ritualistic bath during this auspicious period can cure a person from all problems related to the Sun and the Moon. It is as important as the Katik Purnima in Hindu Scriptures.


The month of Magha is considered to be sacred because during the commencement of this month the sun sets on its northern path. Thus, the day of the full-moon falling in this month, i.e. the Magha Purnima is highly revered by devotees.




During Magha people take early morning bath in the Ganga or in the Yamuna throughout the month. The daily bathing which starts from Paush Purnima ends with the Magha Purnima. The exact muhurat for the Magha Purnima begins at 22:34 pm on 21st February, 2016 to 23:49pm on 22nd February, 2016.




Every year, the Magha Mela is organized at the Prayag Sangam in Allahabad at this auspicious time of the year. It is believed a holy dip in River Ganga on this auspicious day may wash away all the sins, troubles and health issues of its believers. Even a simple dip in normal water laced with a small amount of Gangaajal is even a symbol of piousness on this great date.


Products to perform the puja


Worshipping Lord Vishnu is considered very auspicious on this day. Lord Satyanarayan, Lord Bruhaspati and Goddess Parvati are also worshipped on this last day of the month of Magha. The puja on this day includes:


  • Alms in the form of food, clothes and money are distributed to the poor.
  • Saints and Brahmins are fed and given ‘daan’.
  • Fasts are observed and prayers are offered to Lord Satyanarayan.
  • A holy dip in the name of Lord Vishnu is the real puja of this day.
  • Donations in the name of Ancestors are also done.