The Hindu Calendar prescribes celebration of three major Teej in a year: Hariyali Teej, Kajari Teej and Hartalika Teej. The Hartalika Teej is celebrated in August- September and celebrates the marriage between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Hartalika literally is made out of two words, ‘Harit’ meaning abduction and ‘alika’ meaning close friend. It is a Hindu festival celebrated by females all over North India to achieve marital bliss. It is also celebrated as Gowri Habba in Maharashtra.
Story Behind Hartalika Teej
The story revolves around Goddess Parvati, who had incarnated as Goddess Shailaputri, the daughter of the Himalayas. Unknowingly, Himalaya promises his daughter’s hand to Lord Vishnu in marriage. But, Goddess Parvati only admired Lord Shiva. She explained her circumstances to her best friend who took her to thick forests to avoid her unwanted marriage to Lord Vishnu.
Thus, the name Hartalika. Goddess Parvati then made a Shiva lingam from her hair and worshipped Lord Shiva, who became very happy and relented to marry Goddess Parvati. This day of marriage is henceforth celebrated as Hartalika Teej.
Why is it Celebrated
Hartalika Teej is an important festival for Hindu women to worship Goddess Parvati for happiness in their married lives. It is celebrated with fanfare in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Jharkhand as processions of Goddess Parvati are taken out with the devotees dancing and singing along.
Hartalika Teej is observed during Shukla Paksha Tritiya of Bhadrapada month. The Tithi begins at 5pm on 3rd September in 2006 and ends at 6:48 PM on 4th September. The puja timings are from 6:04 am to 8:34 am on 4th September.
Through rigorous fasting and praying to Goddess Parvati on Hartalika Teej, married women are blessed with healthy life of their husbands while the unmarried girls are said to be blessed with a husband like Lord Shiva.
Products to perform the puja
Hartalika Teej is an auspicious day for Hindu women to worship Goddess Parvati for the longevity of their spouse. The rituals include: