Govardhan Puja is also known as the Annakut Puja where literally Anna stands for food-grains and Annakut stands for a heap of grains. It is celebrated in the states of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. This festival signifies the victory of loving and humble Lord Vishnu incarnated as Krishna over the egoistic Lord Indra. It is generally celebrated on the fourth day of the five-days long Diwali celebrations.
Story Behind Gowardhan Puja
The story behind Gowardhan Puja revolves around the village of Vrindavan when Lord Vishnu had incarnated in the form of Krishna. The people there used to worship Lord Indra as they were scared of his wrath. Lord Krishna then explained the people to worship the Controller of nature symbolised by Mountain Gowardhan. He himself picked up Mountain Gowardhan to shelter and save all his villagers from Lord Indra.
It is also known as Bali Pratipada as it is believed that Lord Vaman, another incarnation of Lord Vishnu defeated King Bali and sent him to the Patal Lok. It is believed that on this day, every year King Bali visits the earth.
Why is it Celebrated
Gowardhan Puja marks the victory of love and humbleness of Lord Vishnu towards his devotees over the arrogance of Lord Indra. It teaches us not to let success and power make us airy headed.
In Haryana and Gujarat, this day is also celebrated as the new year or the Vikram Samvat.
The day is celebrated on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha (bright fortnight) in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. The shubh Pratipada tithi begins at 11:08 pm on the 30th October, 2016 to 1:39 am on 1st November, 2016. The morning ‘pratahakal’ puja may be done at 6:37 am to 8:48 am and the evening ‘sayankal’ puja may be done between 3:21 pm to 5:31 pm on the 31st October, 2016.
Mountain Gowardhan was symbolised as the source of life by Lord Krishna himself. Thus, celebrating and worshipping Mountain Gowardhan is equivalent to worshipping life and it’s provider, Lord Vishnu himself.
Products to perform the puja
Gowardhan Puja is an inherently intrinsic part of the five- day Diwali celebrations. The rituals include: