As per Hindu Scriptures, Sun forms the most important part of an individual’s Kundali. Also, it is the most important source of life on the earth for all humans, plants and animals. Thus, we worship Lord Sun with his beloved second wife Chaaya or Usha on this auspicious day. The Chhath Puja is also known as Pratihar, Dala Chhath, Chhathi and Surya Shashthi.
Story Behind Chhath Puja
The story behind Chhath Puja dates back to the Mahabharata age, when Draupadi is believed to celebrate this festival with the Pandavas complete with all the rituals and the fast on the advice of Saint Dhaumya. Worshipping Sun God on this auspicious day made him happy and he blessed Draupadi with elimination of all their problems and further helped the Pandavs in retaining their lost Kingdom. Lord Rama and Sita are also believed to have kept this fast along with all its rituals to seek blessings of Sun God.
Why is it Celebrated
Goddess Chhathi Maiya, the beloved second wife of Sun God is worshipped. She symbolises dawn or the first light of the day. In Rigveda, she symbolises the inherent divine conscious soul of each individual. Thus, she is the source energy behind who we are and what we do.
Chhath puja is performed on Kartika Shukla Shashthi, the sixth day of the month of Kartika in the Vikram Samvat. It is a four day long festival And the Main Chhath Puja Is done on the third day. The shubh Tithi begins at 10:47 pm on 5th November, 2016 to 12:16 pm the next day.
The Chhath Puja is performed in order to thank Surya for sustaining life on earth and to request the granting of well-being, prosperity and progress.
Products to perform the puja
Chhath Puja entails rigorous rituals spanning a four day period which includes holy bathing, fasting, fasting without water, standing in water for a long period of time and offering prashad and prayers to the rising and setting sun. The rituals include: